One in 4 children living in Northwest North Carolina lives with uncertainty over whether they will have enough to eat.
In collaboration with our local food assistance programs, schools, funding partners and others, Second Harvest Food Bank of Northwest NC works to provide nutritious food for children in need through a number of special programs.
In this video, Second Harvest Food Bank staff and area advocates talk about the consequences of childhood hunger in our communities and what you can do about it.
The Consequences of Childhood Hunger
Infancy & Development
Pregnant women who experience food insecurity are more likely to experience birth complications than women who are food secure.[ii] Inadequate access to food during pregnancy has been shown to increase the risk for low birth weight in babies.[iii]
Children who are food insecure are more likely to require hospitalization.[v]
Food insecure children may be at greater risk of truancy and school tardiness.[xi]
[i] Heinig, M.J., & Dewey, K.G. (1996). Health advantages of breastfeeding for infants: A critical review. Nutrition Research Review, 9, 89-110.
[ii] Laraia, B.A., Siega-Riz, A., & Gundersen, C. (2010). Gestational weight gain, and pregnancy complications. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 110, 692-701.
[iii] Borders, A.E.B., Grobman, W.A., Amsden, L.B., & Holl, J.L. (2007). Chronic stress and low birth weight neonates in a low-income population of women. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 109, 331-338.
[iv] Zaslow, Bronte-Tinkew, Capps, Horowitz, Moore, and Weinstein (2008) Food Security During Infancy: Implications for Attachment and Mental Proficiency in Toddlerhood. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13 (1), 66-80.
[v] Cook, Frank, Leveson, Neault, Heeren, Black, Berkowitz, Casey, Meyers, Cutts, and Chilton (2006) Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children’s health. Journal of Nutrition, 136, 1073-1076.
[vi] Kirkpatrick, McIntyre, and Potestio (2010) Child hunger and long-term adverse consequences for health. Archive of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, 164 (8), 754-762.
[vii] Eicher-Miller, Mason, Weaver, McCabe, and Boushey (2009) Food Insecurity is associated with iron deficiency anemia in US adolescents. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90, 1358-1371.
[viii] Skalicky, Meyers, Adams, Yang, Cook, and Frank (2006) Child Food Insecurity and Iron Deficiency Anemia in Low-Income Infants and Toddlers in the United States. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 10 (2), 177-185.
[ix] Muirhead, Quiñonez, Figueiredo, and Locker (2009) Oral health disparities and food insecurity in working poor Canadians. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 37, 294-304.
[x] Casey, P.H., Szeto, K.L., Robbins, J.M., Stuff, J.E., Connell, C., Gossett, J.M., & Simpson, P.M. (2005). Child health-related quality of life and household food security. Archives Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 15, 51-56.
[xi] Murphy, Wehler, Pagano, Little, Kleinman and Jellinek (1998) Relationship Between Hunger and Psychosocial Functioning in Low-Income American Children. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37 (2), 163-170.
[xii] Slack and Yoo (2005) Food hardship and child behavior problems among low-income children. Social Service Review, 75, 511–536.
[xiii] Whitaker, Phillips, and Orzol (2006) Food insecurity and the risks of depression and anxiety in mothers and behavior problems in their pre-school-aged children. Pediatrics, 118, e859–e868.
[xiv] Slopen, N., Fitzmaurice, G., Williams, D.R., & Gilman, S.E. (2010). Poverty, food insecurity, and the behavior of childhood internalizing and externalizing disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49,444-452.
[xv] Huang (2010) Does food insecurity affect parental characteristics and child behavior? Testing mediation effects. Social Science Review, September, 381-401.
For more information about Second Harvest Food Bank Childhood Hunger Programs and how you can get involved, contact Daisy Rodriguez, Director of Childhood Hunger, 336.784.5770 or firstname.lastname@example.org.