The Supplemental Nutrition Program is known as Food and Nutrition Services in North Carolina and was formerly called Food Stamps
Funding for SNAP benefits comes entirely from the federal government. The federal government also splits the cost of administering the program with the states, and the states are responsible for operating the program. Total federal spending on SNAP in FY2015 was about $75 billion, down from a high of $83 billion in 2013. (For reference, that’s about 2% of the total federal budget.) The Congressional Budget Office projects that spending on SNAP will continue to decline.
The simple truth is this: SNAP is the nation’s frontline defense against hunger.
SNAP SUPPORTS NORTH CAROLINA
SNAP Supports Kids: Nearly 43% of North Carolinians enrolled in SNAP are children. Over 663,000 kids in our state get essential nutrition necessary for their physical, emotional and mental growth through this program.
SNAP Supports Seniors and People Living with a Disability: Nearly 20% of North Carolinians receiving SNAP are elderly or disabled. 151,000 North Carolina seniors and 154,000 non-elderly disabled people can eat better for their health because of SNAP.
SNAP Supports the North Carolina Economy: For every dollar of SNAP benefits spent, roughly $1.73 is added to the local economy. In Fiscal Year 2015, SNAP generated $4,072,435,656.20 in economic activity in our state.
SNAP Supports Jobs: A 2010 study by the USDA found that for every $1 billion of added SNAP funding, between 8,900 and 17,000 jobs were created. A 10% cut in SNAP funds would result in the loss of 3,372 North Carolina jobs.
SNAP Supports Retailers: More than 10% of all spending on food to be eaten at home comes from SNAP spending. In one month in 2016, SNAP funded around $174,341,866.51 of sales in North Carolina.
SNAP Supports Transportation Jobs: Food needs to be moved from farms to stores and SNAP dollars help support truck drivers and others who work in wholesale transportation, a vital North Carolina occupation.
SNAP Supports Agriculture: About 23% of SNAP spending is on protein, providing North Carolina farmers, including chicken farmers (our largest farm commodity), an important source of revenue. Nationwide, program participants spend roughly $70 billion in SNAP benefits each year, including more than $19.4 million at farmers markets.
SNAP Supports Ending Hunger: SNAP spending in North Carolina helped to lift 340,000 people out of poverty in 2016. SNAP reduces food insecurity and helps North Carolinians access the nutritious food they need to survive and thrive.
USDA, SNAP Characteristics 2014, table B.14, published 8/16/2016, https://www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/ops/Characteristics2014.pdf
USDA, SNAP Characteristics 2014, table B.14, Published 8/16/2016,
USDA, SNAP Characteristics 2014, table B.15, Published 8/16/2016,
Derived from the data in the above sources
Zandi, Mark M, Assessing the Macro Economic Impact of Fiscal Stimulus 2008, pp 3-4, Moody’s, Jan 2008,
USDA, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program State Activity Report Fiscal Year 2015, pp 5, published October
Hanson, Kenneth, The Food Assistance National Input-Output Multiplier (FANIOM) Model and the Stimulus
Thompson, Jeffrey and Garrett-Peltier, Heidi, The Economic Consequences of Cutting the Supplemental Nutrition
Wilde, Park E., THE NEW NORMAL: THE SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (SNAP), May 2012,
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Policy Basics: Introduction to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance
USDA, Data from SNAP Nutrition Tables: October 2016, last accessed December 2016,
USDA, Quick Facts, Economic Research Service, November 2016, https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-
USDA, State Fact Sheets, Economic Research Service, November 2016, table: “Top 5 agriculture commodities,
Garasky, Steven and et al, Foods Typically Purchased by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Impact of the Safety Net: State Fact Sheets, Data Sources, and
Feeding America analysis based on estimates of lost benefits by states by the Center on Budget and